Santiago De Compostela Santo

The life that Santiago ns ApostleWhere the body the Santiago was buriedThe tomb of Santiago los Apostle

The life that Santiago los Apostle is strongly connected to both the history that the sendero de Santiago and the background of Santiago después Compostela. That is difficult to understand why the la carretera de Santiago is important or why it is called la carretera de Santiago, without learning the background of Santiago los Apostle.

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Who Santiago los Apostle was

Santiago the smo was born, we are told, in Bethsaida, uno place in ns historical an ar of Galilee. This area now corresponds to one of the norte states the Israel.


He was the son of Zebedee y Salome. Prefer his brother John, he worked mainly as ns fisherman with his father Zebedee y his friend Simon. According to the story of the Apostle’s life, both john the Baptist y Santiago (James) made decision to leaving their life as anglers when Jesus contacted them to sign up with his grupo of doce apostles.

According to ns Bible, both brothers were nicknamed by Jesus Christ as “the continencia of Thunder”, offered their passionate character. Los Apostle jaime the better accompanied Jesus on numerous of his miracles and witnessed many of his apparitions after his resurrection.

The voyage to Santiago: the patron that Spain and of pilgrims

According to the history of jaime the Greater, in treinta y tres A.D., los Apostles to be entrusted to the mission of disseminating y promoting ns Gospel throughout the world. Santiago the Apostle crossed los Mediterranean y entered Spain, crossing the Straits the Gibraltar.

He therefore embarked top top his journey through Spain and Portugal, territories well-known at that time as Hispania. That is not well-known exactly los route that Santiago followed until getting to Galicia, i m sorry in Roman tiempo was named Gallaecia.

Some chroniclers point fuera de that the bordered the sur of Spain and then toured ns desolate coast of Portugal. Other accounts of ns history the the sendero de Santiago, say that he toured the valley of ns Ebro, crossing los Catalan lands, y then took the Roman way of los Cantabrian Mountains, until La Coruña. Over there are also theories that point to that he checked out Murcia, passing v Cartagena, y from there he continued northward.

Like the la carretera de Santiago, the end is clear. Over there are possible routes to reach Galicia, which room multiple. This diversity of stories about los route followed by Santiago the Apostle is what has actually led Santiago to be known as the patron the Spain (or trustee that Spain) and of pilgrims.

In his evangelizing task, los apostle made part disciples. Follow to Christian history, it to be these that continued the work that preaching that Santiago had begun.

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How Santiago ns Apostle died

According to ns history of Santiago the Apostle, when he was in ns ancient Roman city of Zaragoza, along with his first 7 disciples, los Virgin Mary showed up to him. She asked him to travel regreso to Jerusalem come accompany she in she death.

According to ancient writings, when ns Virgin was nearing death, she received the visit of the risen Jesus. She request Jesus Christ for the 12 apostles come accompany she on the trabaja of her death. But all of them to be scattered around ns world. For this reason Jesus provided him his wish, enabling him to make uno miraculous illustration so that each among them would be educated of his plan.


This reality makes Santiago ns Apostle travel the whole journey trasero from Spain come Nazareth in Jerusalem. There the meets los Virgin Mary that was tho alive.

Later, following the persecutions of los Christians ordered by Herod Agrippa I, Santiago ns Apostle james died in Jerusalem. There are number of theories about how y when Santiago the Apostle died.

The bulk of ns theories on the life of ns apostle coincide in confirming the he died in 44.A.D. Return some also point el fin that it was in 62 A.D. That is believed that he was the first apostle come die for los Christian faith. On just how Santiago died, there is fairly an unanimity in pointing fuera de that he to be martyred for his Christian beliefs.

Some theories point el fin that he was stoned, rather point out that he to be decapitated y some others suggest that he to be thrown from the optimal of un temple. In fact, as un martyr, Santiago del Compostela probably experienced various of these punishments.

Where los body the Santiago to be buried

After the death that Santiago los Apostle, two of his disciples, knowing ns emperor’s refusal to bury Santiago, decisión to flee con his body. Follow to los legend of Santiago the Apostle, his continues to be were transported in a boat without a rudder and without ns sail. being guided specifically by los designs of the Holy Apostle.

Accompanied through his faithful followers, los boat surrounded los Iberian peninsula. Lock reached los north-west Coast and continued their journey through los River Ulla, finishing their watercraft trip in Padrón (Galicia). Representar there they top to Santiago de Compostela.

The legends of the tomb that Santiago

At that time, ns Celtic queen Lupita to be ruling ns Galician lands. The historia is told the on the la carretera de Santiago, the monarch did no allow the Apostle’s body to be hidden in her lands. come make sure of it, she sent out some troops delaware Santiago’s disciples.

During los persecution, one of the legends that the la carretera de Santiago defines that a bridge finished up collapsing and all ns troops died. Follow to the history of los transfer of ns remains of Santiago, the Queen Lupita designed some much more tricks, like los one report in the legend of the oxen and the dragon of ns sacred peak.

Nevertheless, the followers of Santiago the Apostle were constantly victorious. Finally, Queen Lupita became a Christian. The ancha history that Santiago después Compostela says that the ox to be responsible for deciding the place where to bury the apostle.

The flora y fauna decided to rest under an oak, on los top of ns small hill in Iria Flavia. In los place, ns Roman mausoleum to be raised, with ns resources listed by los Queen herself. The sepulchre was known as Arca Marmárica.

The neglect of the Arca Marmárica

Years later, ns two disciples, who had actually remained in ns care that his remains, also died y were buried in the same place. The stays of Santiago dropped into oblivion because that eight centuries.

The tomb of Santiago the Apostle

According to los history the Santiago después Compostela, los tomb that Santiago the Apostle was uncovered in ns 9th century.

Ver más: Colegio La Inmaculada Morón De La Frontera, Colegio La Inmaculada En Morón De La Frontera

However, los first ideas on los location of ns remains of the apostle go regreso to ns appearance in quinientos A.D. With some papers that mention ns following places:

Iria-PadrónMonte SacroJerusalemArcis Marmoricis.

However, favor every legend, the definitive discovery of Santiago’s remains is shrouded in much an ext mystery. Next, we will certainly tell you, according to los mythical background of the sendero de Santiago, how los remains the Santiago del Compostela were discovered.

The legend of the discovery of ns remains that Santiago

In 823 a tranquil hermit, well-known as Pelayo, lived in his casa in ns Forest of Libredón. In the evenings, mysterious lights, coming representar the forest, started to record his attention.

Surprised at ns strange radiances, Pelayo decided to share his restlessness con Teodomiro, the Bishop the Iria Flavia, at that time. Both guys came to ns place where los flashes came from y discovered ns Marmárea Ark, which to be buried. For this reason the lamp were interpreted as divine signs.

Inside it, rested numero 3 bodies. Lock were quickly attributed to Santiago los Apostle y the dos disciples, Anastasio and Teodoro who guarded his remains until your death. Ns bishop instantly informed the king in those years, Alfonso II, of los surprising discovery.

The monarch took trip to ns place of los discovery, which became known as “The land of Stars”, “Campo ese Estrellas” in Spanish, (Campus Stellae) y which would be the origin of the name that Compostela. Delaware his visit that ordered ns construction of a temple that would be the precursor of los Cathedral the Santiago the Apostle.

From that moment on, pilgrimages to Santiago de Compostela began. This is the origin that the la carretera de Santiago. Over there are other facts that likewise explain ns importance the pilgrim routes, but that’s an additional story. If you want to recognize more, friend will have to read our short article “The background of the camino de Santiago”.

The reality about the remains of Santiago los Apostle

The historia on los authenticity of ns remains discovered in Santiago ese Compostela is really long. Over there are plenty of theories y little credible evidence. Ns Catholic Church assures that los remains that are discovered there belong come Santiago los Apostle.

However, some written papers place ns Apostle el fin of Judea on the dates that his death. That is also questioned that ns holy Apostle come to caminar in Spain, together the story of the Santiago the Apostle tells.

Some theorists case that los remains in ns Cathedral of Santiago después Compostela in reality belong to Bishop Prisciliano. The fact is that los church has banned, through a papa bull, the carrying out of DNA tests that enable verifying ns authenticity of ns remains. Therefore, it seems that their worship will proceed to be a matter of faith.

The legend that Santiago Matamoros

As we told you in the article “The background of the la carretera de Santiago”, the discovery of los remains of Santiago the Apostle to be made at uno very delicate hora for Spain on a social y moral level. The Muslim conquest had ns Spanish majesties in inspect at the time.

According to los history that the la carretera de Santiago, at the time when los Muslims dominated ns peninsula, ns Christians were required to salary a tribute of cien maidens to ns Arabs. The refusal of los monarch Ramiro me gustaría to make distribution of the hundred joven was ns origin of los Battle of Clavijo.

The legend of Santiago Matamoros says that los apostle showed up in desires to king Ramiro I y told him that he had to fulfil los role that patron of the Spanish. As they say, during los battle los monarch implored Santiago for help and he appeared on ns cloud, riding uno white horse.

The Moors were defeated. Due to the fact that then, the figure of the apostle was imposed on the espaldas of ns white horse and he to be announced together Santiago Matamoros. This representation came to be the icono of los reconquest and Santiago Matamoros became ns protector of the Christians against los Arabs.


That is why, besides being ns patron the Pilgrims y of Spain, he is also los patron of ns Cavalry Armada. In fact, the final sentence of los hymn that this body was one of ns most generalizado cries during the Spanish reconquest:

“For Santiago y Spain, close in top top them!”

The name of Santiago ns Apostle

Santiago Jacobo, smo Jacob, ellos eran of Thunder, james of Zebedee, Santiago Matamoros, Santiago Apostle or jaime the Elder ( or Greater) are some of the nombre for which the patron the Spain is known. Santiago el Mayor is ns most generalizado name.

Many people wonder about los meaning of ns name the smo receives. This is connected to los history of los life of los Apostle and the legend the Matamoros. Next, we explain why.

The initial name of the ellos eran of Zebedee is Ya’akov. In los ecclesiastical Latin, recommendation was made come the saint as Sanctus Iacobus (Saint Jabobo). Ns term evolved over time, to derive in santclause Iago.

Given the personaje occupied by ns Apostle in his struggle against los Islamic world, Christians provided to use their name as un battle cry during the reconquest. This fact made the two native “Sant Iago” fin up acting as ns single. In such ns way, that the name of Santiago ended end up being popularized.

The ax “the greater” comes desde the Christian tradition. This nickname was provided to differentiate james Zebedee from another jaime who was also uno part of the doce apostles. The patron of the pilgrims, being ns highest, to be assigned the nickname of “Greater”, while los other apostle came to be known as jaime the Lesser.

Santiago Apostle Day: 25th July

The 25th that July clues the día of the patron smo of Spain: Santiago Apostle. The celebration takes location in different towns and cities both in Spain y Latin America.

The day refers come the trabaja in which ns body of the Pilgrim’s patron was moved to Santiago después Compostela. The was the church that figured out the day that this celebration to be to take place. However, the festivities in honour the Santiago ns Apostle have both ns religious y pagan character.

Santiago the Apostle is likewise patron that Galicia. For this reason, on July 25th, the influx of pilgrims in the Cathedral of Santiago después Compostela is specifically high. If you desire to know around other festivals i beg your pardon the city of Compostela is celebrating you can consult our short article on celebrations in Compostela.

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We do not want to speak goodbye without telling you that if you have actually come right here for only curiosity, we encourage friend to perform the camino de Santiago. Over there are countless reasons to visit the tomb of this an excellent Spanish legend.

Ver más: Receta De Bizcocho Sencillo, Bizcocho Casero Con 3 Ingredientes

If on los contrary, friend have currently decided to walk on the adventure, execute not forget come consult our pilgrims overview on how to prepare your journey to Santiago. If you prefer, girlfriend can call us and we will arrange her visit to the pilgrim’s patron.