GENERAL PRIMO DE RIVERA

▼ main Sources ▼Miguel Primo después Rivera
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Miguel Primo del Rivera was born into ns wealthy family members in Jerez, Spain, in 1870. He joined los army and took part in the colonial wars in Morocco, Cuba y the Philippines.

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After the First mundo War Primo del Rivera hosted several crucial military write-ups including ns captain-generalship of Valencia, Madrid y Barcelona. On the death the his uncle in 1921 he came to be Marques del Estella.

With the support the Alfonso XIII y the army Primo ese Rivera led a military coup in September 1923. That promised to remove corruption and to regenerate Spain. In bespeak to execute this that suspended the constitution, created martial law y imposed uno strict system of censorship.

Primo después Rivera originally said he would rule for only noventa days, however, he damaged this promise y remained in power. Little sociedad reform took place but he tried to reduce unemployment by safety money on publicly works. Come pay because that this Primo de Rivera introduced greater taxes on los rich. When they complained he adjusted his policies and attempted to raise money by public loans. This resulted in rapid inflation and after losing assistance of ns army was forced to resign in January 1930.

Miguel Primo del Rivera, the father of joe Antonio Primo ese Rivera, died desde diabetes top top 16th march 1930.

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Spanish cortés War Encyclopedia


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Primary Sources

(1) michael Primo ese Rivera, decided (September 1923)

We have actually reason on our página and, therefore, force, though so far we have used force with moderation. If an effort is made come trick us into a compromise which our conscience considers dishonourable, us shall need greater penalties, y impose them con greater severity. Neither I, nor ns garrisons the Aragon, representar whom identificación have just received un telegram in support, will agree to anything but uno military dictatorship. If ns politicians make an attempt to protect themselves, us shall do the same, relying on the help of los people, who reserves of power are great. This particular day we are solved on moderation, but, on los other hand, we shall no shrink desde bloodshed.

(2) luis Bolin, Spain, ns Vital año (1967)

Unlike the país rising versus an also graver situation that set off civil war in 1936, normal Primo de Rivera"s move was uno classic coup d"etat, swiftly and ably executed by ns man who did no hesitate come take ns entire duty on his shoulders. That relied on los partially expressed assistance of the Army, though no all the leaders backed Primo, no one were they with him unflinchingly until the end.

There was alguno opposition representar political parties or work unions. The majority of the nation resigned chin to uno fait accompli y hoped for ns best, or for something sensational, yet there were alguna street scenes, alguno riots, cuales shooting. Objective and far-sighted citizens, without uno stake in the political arena and alguno possibility the gain from turbulence and unrest, heaved un sigh the relief and applauded ns coup d"etat, once its success ended up being evident.

A brief period sufficed to admitir that ns dictator meant business. Rather of persecuting his predecessors or making castle responsible for ns shortcomings of los regime, Primo ese Rivera devoted himself to constructive work. The murder the two tarjeta postal employees in uno railway van, committed shortly delaware his access to power y punished by un Court of justice with los extreme rigour of ns law, proved that crime was no longer profitable. Plans for military action in Spanish Morocco were revised desde bottom come top; in less than tres years, the entire Protectorate to be pacified y the war was carried to un victorious end.

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There were alguna strikes, production attained nuevo levels, personal enterprise flourished. Uno network that roads, effectively banked y well-surfaced, spread over the country. At long last, Spain"s beneficial hydraulic resources began to it is in harnessed and exploited. Work was carried fuera in harbours y railways, institutions were built, industry and trade registered progress, and national economic situation soared. Dos exhibitions that an superior character, organized in Seville and Barcelona in los year 1929, showed that Spain could thrive quickly under a system guaranteeing peace, prosperity and the preeminence of helpful law.