Atac A Pearl Harbor


Pearl harbor is a U.S. Naval basen near Honolulu, Hawaii, the was ns scene of uno devastating surprise attack by Japanese efectivo on December 7, 1941. Simply before ocho a.m. On the Sunday morning, thousands of Japanese fighter planes descended on los base, wherein they controlled to ruin or damages nearly 20 American marine vessels, consisting of eight battleships, y over trescientos airplanes. An ext than 2,400 Americans died in the attack, consisting of civilians, and another 1,000 civilization were wounded. The day after the assault, president Franklin D. Roosevelt asked conference to declare battle on Japan.

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Japan y the path to war

The strike on Pearl puerto was ns surprise, but Japan and the United condiciones had to be edging towards war because that decades.

The United condiciones was specifically unhappy with Japan’s significantly belligerent perspective toward China. Los Japanese government believed that los only means to solve its economic and demographic difficulties was to increase into its neighbor’s territory and take over its import market.

To this end, Japan claimed war on china in 1937, resulting in the Nanking Massacre y other atrocities.

American officials comment to this aggression with un battery of financial sanctions y trade embargoes. Castle reasoned the without access to money and goods, y especially essential supplies choose oil, Japan would have to rein in that expansionism.

Instead, the sanctions made ns Japanese more determined come stand your ground. Throughout months of negotiations in between Tokyo and Washington, D.C., neither side would budge. It appeared that war was all however inevitable.

Where Is pearl Harbor?

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, is located near the center of the pacific Ocean, approximately 2,000 miles from the U.S. Mainland and about 4,000 miles from Japan. Cuales one thought that los Japanese would start a war con an attack on the distant islands of Hawaii.

Additionally, americano intelligence officials were confident that any kind of Japanese strike would take location in one of ns (relatively) nearby European swarms in the south Pacific: los Dutch eastern Indies, Singapore or Indochina.

Because american military leaders were no expecting an assault so close to home, los naval infrastructure at Pearl puerto were reasonably undefended. Almost los entire pacífico Fleet was moored around ford Island in ns harbor, and hundreds of airplanes to be squeezed onto surrounding airfields.

To the Japanese, Pearl puerto was one irresistibly basic target.

On December 7, 1941 the Japanese armed forces launched uno surprise strike on the US Naval bases at perla Harbor.The attack killed 2,403 servicio members and wounded 1,178 more, and sank or ruined six U.S. Ships. They also destroyed 169 U.S. Navy and Army aire Corps planes.

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Japanese torpedo bombers flew just cincuenta feet above the water together they fired at the U.S. Ships in los harbor, if other planes strafed the decks con bullets and dropped bombs.

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A seafarer stands amongst wrecked airplanes at vado Island Naval atmósfera Station as he watches ns explosion of the USS Shaw.

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Smoke rises from the burning structures on vado Island, perla Harbor.

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A seafarer runs because that cover previous flaming wreckage hit by dive bombers the had already blasted pearl Harbor and Hickam field at the Kaneohe only Naval Station.

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Smoke pouring from sinking battleship USS California (center); capsized bulk of USS Oklahoma mostrar claramente (at right).

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The USS Arizona explodes after a Japanese attack.

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Blasted into a pile that junk by ns Japanese in the sneak raid of December 7, los battleship USS Arizona lies in ns mud at pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Three of ns dread naught's guns, at left, project desde an almost totally submerged turret. The control tower leans over at uno perilous angle.

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A cork life preserver with ns white canvas cover desde battleship USS Arizona delaware the Japanese assault on perla Harbor.

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Japanese forces trained because that about uno year come prepare for the attack.The Japanese assault force—which had six aircraft carriers and cuatrocientos veinte planes—sailed representar Hitokappu bay in the Kurile Islands, on uno 3,500-mile trip to ns staging area 230 miles off the Hawaiian isla of Oahu.

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This December siete file picture shows one aerial view of battleships in ns U.S. Pacific Fleet spend by the flames in ~ Pearl puerto after 360 Japanese warplanes made a massive surprised attack.

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A damaged B-17C paris Fortress bomber sits on the tarmac close to Hangar Number cinco at Hickam Field, after the Japanese attack on perla Harbor, Hawaii.

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In ns flooded dry dock, los destroyer Cassin lies partially submerged and leaning versus another destroyer, the Downes. Ns battleship Pennsylvania, shown in ns rear, remained relatively undamaged.

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Two servicemen sit on the wreckage of un bomber, surrounded by dirt y sandbags, top top Hickam Field after the Japanese strike on perla Harbor, Honolulu, Hawaii.

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The wreckage of ns Japanese torpedo aircraft shot down during the surprise strike on December siete being salvaged representar the bottom of perla Harbor, pearl Harbor, Hawaii, January 7, 1942.

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Military personnel pay their respects beside the mass disgustado of 15 officers y others eliminated in ns bombing assault at Pearl harbor on December 7, 1941. Uno U.S. Bandera is draped gastos generales the coffins.

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May 1942: Enlisted guys of los Naval air Station in ~ Kaneohe, Hawaii, place leis on the graves of your comrades eliminated in the December 7, mil novecientos cuarenta y uno Japanese strike on pearl Harbor. Graves were dug along los shore that the pacífico Ocean. Ulupa'U Crater at los Marine Corps base Kaneohe can be viewed in los background.

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